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Tax Increment Financing

Lessons in finance bonding for affordable housing

Can finance bonding be centred more on affordable housing as well as infrastructure? Some interesting nuances and lessons can be drawn when using a Tax Increment Financing (TIF) model in San Francisco, especially given the abandonment of California’s redevelopment agencies (RDAs). If historically focusing on policy, the abolition of the RDAs in California may have inadvertently cut-off […]

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Is Building Heritage in Enterprise Zones The Latest Threat or Opportunity?

    In considering heritage for buildings within Enterprise Zones, the central premise has been focusing on economic growth, with less thought given to the wider structural and cultural implications. When looking at an illustrative case study of Bristol Temple Quarter Enterprise Zone, it appears that conflicts emerge between the objectives of the Enterprise Zone scheme and those of heritage protection, indicating […]

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Returning to Rousseau – Is there a Contract Between Citizen and State?

          New forms of governance, conditional approaches to public service access, and initiatives to engage citizens in taking on new responsibilities are being developed in the context of the scaling down of the welfare state. The extent to which collaboration and multidirectional accountability can be developed between the state and citizens. […]

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Solutions to the housing crisis – Housing Associations in the Private Rented Sector?

            How do housing stakeholders align future private and public spending to identify investment opportunities and help meet the City’s broader economic and spatial planning priorities – through the private rented sector?The private rented sector represents a growing proportion of the housing market nationally and locally and the only housing option for many households priced […]

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Future financing cities through planning and development

It is important to improve understanding of how cities can be better financed to meet challenges over the short and long-term; be they economic, social and/or environmental. The lack of adequate basic urban services and infrastructure is a major challenge in the development of human settlements. With rapid urbanization, governments are increasingly having difficulties to meet […]

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My Book on – International Approaches to Real Estate Development

                            Squires, G. and Heurkens, E. (Eds) (2014). International Approaches to Real Estate Development. Routledge. An international approach to the study and teaching of real estate is increasingly important in today’s global market. With chapters covering numerous countries and every continent, International Approaches […]

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Building Procurement

                  The procurement stage of the building process is critical to the success of any building project, and as such must be understood by everybody entering the industry. Building Procurement is designed to familiarize the novice with the principles and methods of building procurement, starting at the most basic […]

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Urban water economics – putting a value, price, and cost on natural resources

Environmental resource issues involving water need to consider third-party external costs (and benefits) – water pollution being one example. Natural resource economics can be applied to this issue and set in the context of water production and consumption in urban areas. Furthermore, the price, value, and cost of zero priced or ‘free’ natural resources such as water generate many complex economic and […]

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Motivations for energy efficiency refurbishment

              The existing housing stock needs substantial adaptation to meet national and international carbon reduction targets. The largest proportion of housing is owner-occupied, and will require improvement works which go beyond those measures provided through incentive programmes. Therefore, the motivation of owner-occupiers to perform more substantial energy efficiency refurbishments is […]

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Community self-build schemes enabling holistic solutions for ex-servicemen

              It is worth looking at the impact of community self-build schemes, especially as many have helped ex-service personnel rehabilitate whilst gaining new skills. Promotion of this type of scheme can encourage and inform future projects and to gain political and financial support. Schemes often involve ex-service personnel encountering difficulties in adapting […]

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Gloucester Docks Redevelopment

Should developers pay for public goods and services ? The Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL)

If the public purse is being squeezed we should start thinking about whether private resources should be used to fund public goods and services. When we start to ‘follow the money’ the fuzzy boundaries of public and private begin to emerge. With the rollout of the Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) administered by local authorities, this question […]

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Lessons need to be learned from Enterprise Zones and Empowerment Zones

  There is a need to learn lessons when using spatially targeted fiscal experiments if intervention is to generate wider developmental benefit. For Enterprise Zone concept in the UK (1981–2007) and an exported variant to the US, the Empowerment Zone programme (1993–2009) lessons can be drawn to inform the latest wave of Enterprise Zones in England (2011 to […]

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Do we need a prudential approach to financing urban development?

                  Th use of bonded financial mechanisms such as Tax Increment Financing (TIF) can lever renewal within a wider policy framework. In an era of low economic growth, straitened finance, and an increasing emphasis on the ‘local’, bonded finance over the long term could effectively smooth property market volatility that […]

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Tax Increment Financing

Tax Increment Financing (TIF) as an urban policy for spatially targeted economic development initiatives

Urban policy transfer between the US and UK has long been of interest to researchers and practitioners. Given the recent wider context of reduced direct funding and the absence of a coherent regeneration policy, the introduction of Tax Increment Financing (TIF) to the UK is one approach of stimulating spatially targeted economic development initiatives. Questions are raised […]

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Socially Responsible Property Investment (SRPI) as the new sustainable development growth model

In examining the effectiveness of the investment practice known as ‘Socially Responsible Property Investment’ (SRPI), funds and developers make special claims for their regeneration schemes, namely, that they deliver enhanced social benefits. But what in regeneration practice distinguishes SRPI from the actual priorities and behaviours of investors and developers in the sub-sector? Plus what are SRPI regeneration schemes moving […]

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Low Demand Neighbourhoods – Housing Market Renewal Experience

I completed a PhD from the University of Manchester (2009), that predominantly focused on exploring the drivers and dynamics associated with what I termed ‘low demand neighbourhoods’ – those areas (particularly those in industrially restructuring cities) that have had high void rates, high population turnover, low value and heavy out-migration. Along side this was a […]

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Transcendental Meditation (TM)

Transcendental Meditation (TM)

          I have been practicing transcendental meditation (TM) for nearly 2 years. It was one of the best decisions I have ever made in improving many aspects of my life. A sense of calm, being centred, postive, focused and prioritising what matters have been a few benefits. After an initial induction […]

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